Sharjeel Mansoor




A Beginner Guide to Typescript

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Sharjeel Mansoor
·Jan 21, 2023·

4 min read

A Beginner Guide to Typescript

What is Typescript?

TypeScript is a powerful and popular open-source programming language that is a strict syntactical superset of JavaScript. It was developed and maintained by Microsoft and is used to build large-scale, enterprise applications.

One of the main benefits of using TypeScript is its static type checking, which helps to catch errors early on in the development process. This can save developers a lot of time and effort in debugging and testing their code. TypeScript also has a rich set of features, including classes, interfaces, and decorators, which make it easy to write maintainable and scalable code.

Getting Started with Typescript

To get started with TypeScript, you will first need to install it on your computer. You can do this by running the following command in your terminal:

npm install -g typescript

Once TypeScript is installed, you can start using it by creating a new TypeScript file with the ".ts" file extension. You can then add your TypeScript code to this file and use the "tsc" command to compile it to JavaScript.

Working with Typescript

One of the first things you will want to do when working with TypeScript is to define the types of your variables and function parameters. This can be done using the "let" or "const" keyword for variables, and the "function" keyword for functions. For example, you can define a variable called "myName" as a string like this:

let myName: string = "John Doe";

You can also define the types of function parameters and their return type, like this:

function add(a: number, b: number): number {
    return a + b;

TypeScript also supports classes and interfaces. A class is a blueprint for creating objects, and an interface is a contract for a class or object to follow. For example, you can define a class called "Car" like this:

class Car {
    constructor(private make: string, private model: string) {}

And you can define an interface called "Driver" like this:

interface Driver {
    name: string;
    age: number;

In addition to these basic features, TypeScript also has advanced features such as decorators and modules. Decorators are a way to add functionality to classes, properties, and methods, while modules are a way to organize your code and reuse it across different files.

Another great feature of TypeScript is its support for generics. Generics allow you to write code that can work with multiple types, rather than being limited to a specific type. For example, you can create a generic function called "identity" that takes an argument of any type and returns the same type.

function identity<T>(arg: T): T {
    return arg;

You can also create generic classes in TypeScript. A generic class is a class that has one or more type parameters. For example, you can create a generic class called "Queue" that can hold elements of any type.

class Queue<T> {
    private data: T[] = [];

    push(item: T) {;

    pop(): T | undefined {

TypeScript also provides powerful tools for working with JavaScript libraries, such as the ability to create declaration files. A declaration file is a file that contains TypeScript-type definitions for a JavaScript library. This allows TypeScript to understand the types of objects and functions provided by the library and provide better code completion and error checking. You can find or create declarations files for many popular JavaScript libraries in the DefinitelyTyped repository.

Another important feature of TypeScript is the ability to use JSX, a syntax extension for JavaScript that allows you to write HTML-like elements in your JavaScript code. This is particularly useful for building React components. To use JSX in TypeScript, you need to configure your project to use the "react-jsx" or "react-jsxdev" compiler options.

Finally, it's worth mentioning that TypeScript has a large and active community. There are many resources available to help you learn and use TypeScript, including official documentation, tutorials, and online forums. With the growing popularity of TypeScript, it's becoming more common for developers to know the language and it is a valuable asset to have in your skill set.

In conclusion, TypeScript is a powerful, versatile, and popular language that provides many features and tools that help developers to write robust and maintainable code. With its static type checking, classes, interfaces, decorators, generics, and JSX support, TypeScript makes it easy to build large-scale, enterprise applications. It's worth taking the time to learn TypeScript, as it can make your development process more efficient and enjoyable.

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